The Knights of Malta have confirmed that Matthew Festing, the Prince and Grand Master of the Order, has agreed to submit his resignation after being asked to do so in a meeting with Pope Francis Tuesday.
“The Grand Master met the Pope yesterday evening and (Francis) asked
him to resign,” Eugenio Ajroldi di Robbiate, Communications Director for
the Order of Malta, told CNA Jan. 25.
He said the decision “wasn’t anticipated...no one knew anything,” but
Festing was cooperative and agreed to submit his resignation to the
government of the Order.
The Grand Master’s resignation would cut short his lifetime appointment, to which he was elected in 2008.
However, according to the Order’s constitutions, if a Grand Master
wants to resign he must convoke the governing council, submit his
resignation request to them, and they must then approve it in order for
the resignation to be official.
Until then, Festing “technically is still Grand Master,” Robbiate
said, explaining that the vote is set to take place on Saturday.
He said that given the Order’s constitutional requirement for a Grand
Master’s resignation to be accepted, there is “absolutely
theoretically” a possibility that Festing’s request will be rejected,
however, “it’s improbable.”
Robbiate had no comment on the current Vatican investigation into the
Order’s dismissal of their former Grand Chancellor, saying “I honestly
can’t say” if Festing’s resignation would in any way affect the
A Jan. 25 communique from the Vatican confirmed the news, saying
Festing “resigned from the office of Grand Master” during his meeting
with the Pope Tuesday.
Pope Francis, it read, accepted Festing's resignation Wednesday,
“expressing appreciation and gratitude to Fra’ Festing for his loyalty
and devotion to the Successor of Peter, and his willingness to serve
humbly the good of the Order and the Church.”
The Vatican also confirmed that until a papal delegate is appointed
to oversee governance of the Order, it will be guided in the interim by
their Grand Commander, Ludwig Hoffmann von Rumerstein.
Festing's agreement to resign follows a conflict between the Order of
Malta and the Holy See over the dismissal of the Knights' former Grand
Chancellor, Albrecht Freiherr von Boeselager, in December 2016.
the reasons for the dismissal was that under Boeselager’s watch the
Order's charity branch had inadvertently been involved in distributing
condoms in Burma to prevent the spread of HIV.
The Holy See announced Dec. 22, shortly after Boeselager's dismissal,
that Pope Francis had formed a group to investigate the matter.
On Jan. 10 the Knights issued a statement defending their decision,
calling Boeselager’s dismissal “an internal act of governance,” making
the group established by the Holy See to investigate the decision
“legally irrelevant” given the Order’s sovereignty.
The Holy See, in turn, reiterated Jan. 17 its confidence in its
investigative group and indicated it was awaiting the group's report “in
order to adopt, within its area of competence, the most fitting
decisions for the good of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta and of
The Order of Malta is a chivalric order which was founded in 1099,
originally to provide protection and medical care to Holy Land pilgrims.
It now performs humanitarian work throughout the world, and its two
principle missions are defense of the faith and care for the poor.
It maintains sovereignty, holding diplomatic relations with more than 100 states and United Nations permanent observer status.
Festing had been elected Prince and Grand Master of the Order of Malta March 11, 2008.
He was born in Northumberland in the United Kingdom in 1949 and as a
child lived for a period of time in both Egypt and Singapore where his
father, Field Marshal Sir Francis Festing, Chief of the Imperial General
Staff, was posted.
The former Grand Master studied history at Ampleforth and St. John’s
College Cambridge. Also an art expert, he has spent the majority of his
professional career working at an international art auction house.
Festing served in the Grenadier Guards and still holds the rank of
colonel in the Territorial Army. He was also appointed by the Queen as
an Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE), a role in which he
served as one of her deputy lieutenants in the country of
Officially becoming a member of the Order of Malta in 1977, Festing
took solemn religious vows in 1991, becoming a professed knight. In 1993
he became the Grand Prior of England, a position he held until 2008.
In this role, Festing led humanitarian aid missions in several
countries, including Kosovo, Serbia and Croatia, and was head of the
British delegation during the Orders’ annual international pilgrimage to
In addition to his other roles, Festing has been made an honorary
citizen of the cities of Rapallo and Pompeii in Italy, and Birgu in
Malta. He was also awarded honorary degrees by the Catholic University
of America, the Northumbria University, John Cabot University, the Fu
Jen Catholic University of Taiwan and the Catholic University Santa
Maria La Antigua of Panama.