The Annual Report 2016 of Amnesty International was presented on February 22, which states that in 2016 there was an acceleration of the human rights crisis in Latin America.
Countries like Mexico, Venezuela,
El Salvador, Honduras and Guatemala were among the hardest hit from
abuse and impunity for human rights violations.
"The crisis is interconnected with everything going on in the region",
said Erika Guevara-Rosas, director of Amnesty International for the
Americas. "The violent actions of the security agencies and the lack of
an effective response of the authorities to respect human rights, makes
ways to address social problems in each country increasingly complex".
The case of Mexico, indicated by the report as one of the most serious,
highlights that "impunity for torture and other ill-treatment remained
The prosecutor's office in this country reported that
4,715 cases are being studied for this type of abuse.
Another element that makes the Mexican case complex is the huge influx
of immigrants it receives each year, because of its geographical
proximity to the United States.
It is estimated that each year about
400,000 undocumented people cross the southern border of Mexico.
document shows that up to October 2016 6,898 applications were submitted
for asylum, but the refugee status was granted to only 2,162 people. 93
per cent of applications came from citizens of El Salvador, Honduras
"Mexico has one of the worst human rights crisis in the hemisphere. It
counts the largest number of expulsions in the past two years: in 2016
alone about 150 thousand citizens of Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador
were expelled", said Guevara-Rosas.
The report concluded by noting
that, according to the Mexican government, at the end of 2016 29,917
persons were missing (22,414 men and 7,503 women) and 11 journalists