Germany’s churches denounced their country’s growing arms sales to the Gulf states and demanded tighter export controls on weapons manufacturers.
“Over the past 20 years, the federal government’s reporting of
contracts has become quicker and more transparent, while public
awareness and debate around the issue has also intensified,” said Mgr
Karl Justen, director of the German church’s Catholic Office in Berlin
and co-chairman of the Catholic-Protestant Joint Conference on Church
and Development, known by its German acronym as GKKE.
“But while government policy allows exports to third countries in
regions of crisis and conflict only in justified individual cases, the
data show otherwise – this is why we’re asking for a new law requiring
the reasons for arms exports to be stated,” he said.
Speaking at the Berlin launch of the join conference’s latest report,
the priest said government licences and German arms exports had risen
96 percent in 2015 to a value of €13 billion, with 59 per cent going to
He added that government figures for the first half of 2016 had
“confirmed the negative trend,” with a further sharp increase over the
Mgr Justen called it “completely unacceptable” that €760 million in
arms were sold over the same period to Saudi Arabia, and €1.7 billion to
While Qatar was “massively violating human rights and supporting
Islamists around the world,” the priest added, both countries were also
engaged in a war in Yemen which had “trampled international humanitarian
law underfoot” and left 10,000 dead.
Germany’s Catholic bishops have frequently condemned their country’s
arms industry, which employs more than 80,000 and earns €1.9 trillion
annually despite falling domestic demand from the German army.
German newspapers say the country is now the world’s third-largest arms supplier, after the US and Russia.
In its 118-page report, the Joint Conference on Church and
Development said arms exports to states outside NATO and the European
Union should remain the exception and urged the German parliament to
“send a strong signal” by demanding an embargo against Saudi Arabia,
including a ban on weapons components.
The report said a new arms export control law should combine existing
regulations with increased transparency, while also strengthening
parliamentary control powers.
It added that restrictions were being bypassed through defence sector
mergers, as well as through the supply of German parts to other
Founded in 1973 as an ecumenical working group, the Joint Conference
on Church and Development conducts talks on the arms and pharmaceutical
industries, finances, tax and poverty reduction, with parliament,
government and social interest groups in Germany, and issues statements
and publications in co-operation with the Catholic church’s justice and
peace commission and the Lutheran church’s Bread for the World.
In a separate statement December 12, the German bishops’ conference
commended “nonviolence as a political practice” and called for civil
conflict management to become “an elementary building block of German