At a papal Mass focused on two female saints, the longing for Christian unity and the painful reality of Christian division were strong undertones.
Celebrating Mass on the feast of St Thérèse of Lisieux, Pope Francis
also praised St Nino, a woman who evangelised Georgia in the 4th
century, is recognised as a saint by the Catholic Church and hailed by
the Georgian Orthodox as “equal to the Apostles and the enlightener of
A few thousand people – including many expatriates living and working
in Georgia – attended the morning Mass, which was celebrated in a
Tbilisi football stadium.
While the official theme of the Pope’s visit to Georgia was Pax vobis
– “Peace be with you” – the caps and scarves handed out at the Mass and
worn by most in the crowd said, “Ut unum sint”, the Latin for “that all
may be one.”
The vast majority of Georgians are members of the Orthodox Church.
Catholics, including Armenians, Chaldeans and members of the Latin Rite
Church, account for only about two per cent of the population.
Vatican officials and people involved in Catholic-Orthodox relations
had hoped that Georgian Orthodox Ilia II would send an official
delegation to the Mass despite rules preventing the church’s clergy from
attending a non-Orthodox liturgy. In the end, however, no Georgian
Orthodox bishops were present.
The patriarchate had issued a statement saying that Orthodox
attendance at a Catholic liturgy was not possible “as long as dogmatic
“We accept their decision,” said Greg Burke, the Vatican spokesman,
who also noted that Georgian President Giorgi Margvelashvili, a member
of the Orthodox Church, was at the liturgy, as were several Armenian
Members of the crowd, though, represented a wide variety of different
Christian denominations, as did the choir, which melded singers from
the choirs of the Catholic parishes and the Armenian Orthodox, Baptist,
Lutheran and Pentecostal churches.
Cliff Reed, an Episcopalian who works at the US embassy in Tbilisi,
brought his family to the Mass. “Everyone I talked to – Georgians or not
– asked, ‘Are you going?’ I said, ‘Yes.’ Some asked, ‘Are you
Catholic?’ I said, ‘No, but it’s the Pope.'”
In his homily, Pope Francis focused on the feast of St Thérèse and a
line from Isaiah from the first reading at Mass, “As a mother comforts
her child, so I will comfort you.”
The experience of loving, faithful mothers and grandmothers, the Pope
said, helps believers understand the scriptural description of God. “As
a mother takes upon herself the burdens and weariness of her children,
so too does God take upon himself our sins and troubles,” he said.
“Beyond any evil we are capable of,” the Pope said, “we always remain
his children; he wants to take us in his arms, protect us and free us
from harm and evil.”
The Church, too, is called to be a mother, Pope Francis told the
people. But if the church is all the baptised together, then individuals
must ask themselves how they can ensure that the church is “the house
of the consolation of God.”
“Do I know how to welcome others as guests and console those whom I see tired and disillusioned?” he asked.
Catholics cannot allow their parishes or the Church to become a
“closed ecclesial micro-environment,” the Pope said, but must have the
courage to reach out to others with humility and respect.
Humility is one of the keys to Christian life and a virtue taught
simply by St Thérèse of Lisieux, he said. “God is not known through
grand ideas and extensive study, but rather through the littleness of a
humble and trusting heart.”
Being a child of God means living simply, relying on God and delighting in the surprises God has in store, he said.
“Blessed are those Christian communities who live this authentic
Gospel simplicity! Poor in means, they are rich in God,” Pope Francis
said. “Blessed are the shepherds who do not ride the logic of worldly
success, but follow the law of love: welcoming, listening, serving.”