Catholic leaders say protests over the use of the U.K. flag at Belfast City Hall are not religious in nature, but one Catholic parish has found itself caught up in the thick of the city's worst violence in 15 years.
Belfast Auxiliary Bishop Donal McKeown said protests are not
sectarian in the sense of Catholic versus Protestant, but "clearly,
sectarian elements have surfaced again."
"It is precisely because Belfast is no longer a unionist-dominated
city that the problem has arisen," he told Catholic News Service in an
email interview in early January.
"Belfast City Council has taken a decision, and some loyalists are protesting against it," he said.
Although largely self-governing, Northern Ireland is part of the
United Kingdom, and Protestants traditionally align themselves as
Nationalists, historically Catholic, have maintained that
Northern Ireland should be part of the Irish Republic.
Belfast City Hall has traditionally been seen as a bastion of
unionism, or loyalists.
But Councilor Tim Attwood, a spokesman for the
Social Democratic and Labor Party, said the Dec. 3 vote to restrict how
often the Union Jack is flown at City Hall reflects the changes in
demographics of Belfast.
"Belfast is now a city almost evenly divided between
nationalists/Catholics and unionist/Protestants, as shown by the most
recent census figures," he told CNS. "Belfast is now a hung council.
There is no overall majority among the nationalist or unionist parties."
In the small Catholic enclave of Short Strand in predominantly
loyalist East Belfast, parishioners at St. Matthew's Church have been
affected by more than a month of nightly violence.
"This area has been a flashpoint for many years, not just for the
last 40 years but going back 100 years," said Willie Ward, a businessman
and lay spokesman for St. Matthew's. It is also "one of the most
blighted parts of Belfast, with upwards of 70 percent unemployment."
He said the demonstrators "are holding their protests a short
distance away from our church. They have been fighting and rioting with
the police, which has resulted in the roads in and around our area being
blocked. This small Catholic community cannot freely go in and out of
town because we are afraid. It has caused problems for me as a local
His business' earnings the first week of January were down 75 percent from the same period in 2012.
"People won't go out at night in the area because they are afraid,"
he said. "We are living just yards away from the riots. They have come
down and thrown rocks and missiles at our church."
The church has a nearly constant police presence for protection,
especially at Mass times, to deter those intent on stone-throwing and
attacking the building.
"We know what it is like to live under fear and under attack," Ward said. "Just a mile up the road you have areas that are affluent and
Protestant, and they are not out rioting. The disturbances are taking
place in the working-class areas because there is no leadership within
the community for the working class youth."
He also said he believed that, as some police have said, loyalist paramilitaries were behind the violence.
"Hopefully we will come through this when the Protestant politicians
get their act together and realize that they have to sit down with the
nationalist and other councilors to debate this. They can't solve this
on their own," he said.
Bishop McKeown noted that at another parish, "an attempt was made to
burn the church on Dec. 22, and the boiler house was destroyed."
However, he added, at the Christmas Vigil Mass in the church, the
bishop has met Church of Ireland, Methodist and Presbyterian ministers,
plus 20 young people from a local church youth group who were there in
solidarity with their Catholic neighbors.