About 400 young women are being trafficked into Ireland to take part in sham marriages while the Government has so far failed to close a loophole that allows the criminals organising them to go free.
where many of the young women come from, has said the lack of
co-operation from gardaí and Irish authorities is making the job of
tackling the issue very difficult.
Now the Council of Europe
has asked Ireland to take urgent action to amend the law to include sham
marriages as a form of exploitation and give the gardaí the powers they
need to intervene in such cases.
It is not illegal in Ireland to arrange marriages for money.
The only action the Government has taken is to give gardaí powers to
object before such marriages took place when they suspect they may be
sham, but this was struck down by the High Court last year, saying
objections could only be made after the marriage took place.
Ireland was named as one of the main countries of destination for the
Latvian trafficking victims, alongside Britain, Germany, and Cyprus.
A team from the Council of Europe visiting Latvia to evaluate how well
the convention on trafficking was working was told of the difficulties
with the Irish authorities in helping to identify and help Latvians
trafficked for the sham marriages.
Two years ago the Latvian
authorities asked Ireland to take action to stop these marriages, mostly
conducted with Pakistani, Bangladeshi, and Indian men. Being married to
an EU national means the husband can apply for a passport of an EU
Latvia changed its anti-trafficking laws, introducing a prison sentence of up to three years for the offence.
Last year Latvia helped 16 victims of these sham marriages, most of
them having being exploited in Ireland. However, the Council of Europe
group say they believe the number involved is far higher.
Figures released last year by the Department of Justice said that up to
the end of Sept 2011, there were 553 applications for residency from
non-EU nationals as a spouse of an EU citizen, a third involved Latvian
or Lithuanian spouses.
The Irish Criminal Law (Human
Trafficking) Act 2008 would be amended to come into line with the EU
directive due to come into force this year.
The Department of Justice did not comment on the report or the complaints from the Latvian authorities.
A statement said that minister Alan Shatter said he was working
closely with his counterpart in Britain on the issue and had asked
officials to re-examine to draft amendments on immigration related sham
marriages in the Immigration Residence and Protection Bill 2010 and the
Free Movement regulations that transposed the EU directive into Irish
The bill was currently before the Dáil and Seanad.